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AN APPEAL 



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American Justice and Fair Play 
on Behalf of the Palestine Arabs 



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Issued By 

THE ARAB NATIONAL LEAGUE 

303 FIFTH AVENUE 
New York, N. Y. 



FOREWORD 




We, American citizens of Arab stock, appeal to you to hear 
the other side of a great controversy. If you believe in democracy 
as a "going concern," you must certainly believe in the elemental 
rights of a native, democratic, people to protect themselves against 
the encroachment of an alien, non- democratic flood, aided and abet- 
ted by a more alien imperialism. 

That is the case with Palestine at this very moment. Probably 
you think of Palestine as the home of the Jewish people. Has it 
ever occurred to you that Palestine is really the home of Arabs who 
have lived there with legal title to their lands for more than thirteen 
centuries? Has it occurred to you that the Arabs have always been 
willing that their land should also be a home for a few thousand 
genuine orthodox Jews who sincerely wish to live a simple pious 
life in the land which they call "holy"? And then has it ever 
occured to you that Palestine is also the "Holy Land" for Moslems 
and for Christians? 

The British government, traditionally trusted by the Arab 
peoples, has for many years been led astray in its diplomacy by 
Zionist influences. Many influential Jews, whose enthusiasm for a 
Jewish state has exceeded their judgment, have long been striving 
to make use of the British Foreign Office to further a design which 
cannot conceivably solve the "Jewish problem," but which must 
inevitably add to the sum total of world disorder. Such world 
disorder may sometime involve you, because the United States of 
America is no longer isolated from the world arena. 

In their simple village life, the Arabs are at heart a peaceful 
race, and have been so for centuries. When they fight, they light 
against unjust invaders. And that is exactly what you would do 
were the United States invaded. 

We feel, and we hope you will feel with us, that the simple 
pastoral life of the Arabs, together with their chivalry, traditions 
and the sanctity of their family ties, are far more in keeping with 
the atmosphere of the Holy Land, than is the imported mechanical 
atmosphere of the West. If they are left alone with their land, we 
shall have peace in accordance with age-old custom before the 
advent of militant Zionism. Peace for them may mean peace for you. 
Sincerely we wish it so. 



January, 1938 



1 



AN APPEAL 

TO 
American Justice and Fair Play 
on Behalf of the Palestine Arabs 



The Arab National League whose membership is made up 
mostly of American citizens of Arab extraction, earnestly appeals 
to the American Press, and other organs of public information, on 
behalf of the Arabs of Palestine and in the interest of truth, justice, 
and fair play. 

The Zionist machinery of propaganda is very highly geared and 
has misrepresented the Arabs and the Arab cause. Arab patriots 
are denounced as agitators, Arab leadership is accused of gangster- 
ism, and the Arab revolt against British and Zionist oppression is 
portrayed as a terroristic movement. 

The Palestine correspondent of one of the principal American 
papers, is a Jew who has injected propaganda and prejudiced per- 
sonal opinion into news despatches which should be honest and 
objective.' 

Attempts on the part of the Arab National League to enlighten 
American public opinion have met with little success, due to the 
strong hold which the Zionists have on channels of public inform- 
ation. 

When the speeches delivered at a dinner given in honor of 
Amin Rihani, the Arab poet and author, were broadcast over Station 
WNYC last June, a storm of protest broke out. Fortunately, the 
phonographic records made of the speeches belied accusations and 
allegations made in the Jewish press. Nevertheless, the Board of 
Aldermen called to a hearing, Commissioner Kracke, whose depart- 
ment operates the Municipal radio station, but after a thorough 
investigation, the matter was dropped. However, the gentleman 
who arranged for the broadcast subsequently was dismissed by the 
radio station. 

In a country which sanctifies freedom of speech and freedom of 
the press, such acts of censorship should not be tolerated, because 
they are definitely un-American. The question may very properly 
be asked whether we actually know what is going on in the world 

3 



or, are we nurtured on propaganda, and given what the masters of 
publicity wish that we should receive. In this connection we are in 
hearty accord with the strong denouncement of propaganda and 
propagandists delivered by former President Herbert Hoover on 
November 8, 1937, at Colby College, Waterville, Maine, as follows: 
"Propaganda became the next thing to blank lies. It is now a 
sinister word meaning half-truth or any other distortion of truth. 
It moves by tainting of news, by making synthetic news and opin- 
ions and canards. It promotes the emotions of hate, fear and dis- 
sention. By it men promote subtle ambitions, opinions, and a 
wide variety of "isms." They create bias and inflame the minds 
of men." 

The Arab case may briefly and simply be stated. The Palestine 
Arabs who, in spite of Zionist mass immigration, still constitute 
an overwhelming majority in Palestine, believe in the American 
principle of rule by majority with adequate safeguards of minority 
rights. The Zionists, on the other hand, have shown a callous 
disregard of the rights of the Arab majority. 

It ill behooves the Jewish people who have rightly clamored 
for their minority rights, and who have protested against Hitler's 
mailed fist, to disregard the rights of the majority in Palestine, and 
to urge and advocate the British mailed fist. The building of a 
Jewish National Home on British bayonets is neither a fulfilment 
of biblical prophesy nor a task worthy of the chosen race. Indeed, 
the orthodox Jews have repeatedly expressed their disapproval of 
the ungodly methods employed by political Zionists. 

Space does not permit discussing the promises made by Great 
Britain to the Arabs to win their support during the World War. 
The Arabs lived up to their side of the agreement but the British 
have double-crossed their former ally. Why has Great Britain 
persistently refused the Arab request to publish the Hussein- 
MacMahon agreement? 

Attention should be called to a letter sent by Balfour to the 
British representative in Jeddah in February 1918, asking him to 
reassure Hussein that Great Britain meant to abide by her promises 
to the Arabs. When the Balfour Declaration was issued, it was 
kept a secret from the Arabs, but the German and Turkish Intelli- 
gence Service sent the text of the Declaration to King Hussein, 
whereupon revolt broke out among the Arabs. It was then that 
the same Balfour who made the promise to the Jews came forth 
with an absolute and categoric assurance that Britain stood by her 
original promises to the Arabs, any subsequent declaration notwith- 
standing. This letter together with abstracts of the Hussein - Mac- 
Mahon correspondence, was published by Albin E. Johnson in the 
HERALD-TRIBUNE of October 4th, 1936. 

Further attention should be called to a statement made by the 

4 






late Lord Grey, when he was the British Foreign Secretary, before 
the House of Lords, on March 27, 1923: 

"I seriously suggest to the Government that the best 
way of clearing our honour in this matter is officially to 
publish the whole of the engagements relating to the 
matter, which we entered into during the war ... I think 
that we are placed in considerable difficulty by the Balfour 
Declaration itself ... It promised a Zionist home without 
prejudice to the civil and religious rights of the popula- 
tion of Palestine. A Zionist home, my Lords, undoubtedly 
means or implies a Zionist Government over the district 
in which the home is placed, and if 93 percent of the 
population are Arabs, I do not see how you can establish 
other than an Arab Government without prejudice to their 
civil rights. That one sentence alone of the Balfour 
Declaration seems to involve, without overstating it, ex- 
ceedingly great difficulty of fulfilment ... I do see that 
the situation is an exceedingly difficult one, when it is 
compared with the pledges which undoubtedly were given 
to the Arabs. It would be very desirable, from the point 
of view of honour, that all those various pledges should 
be set out side by side, and then, I think, the most hon- 
ourable thing would be to look at them fairly, see what 
inconsistencies there are between them, and, having regard 
to the nature of each pledge and the date at which it was 
given, with all the facts before us, consider what is the 
fair thing to be done." 

When Allenby entered Palestine, a proclamation by the British 
and French high commands was broadcast throughout Syria and 
Palestine. The first paragraph of this proclamation reads as follows: 

"The end that France and Great Britain have in 
pursuing in the East the war unloosed by German ambi- 
tion is the complete and definite freeing of the peoples 
so long oppressed by the Turks, and the establishment of 
national Governments and Administrations deriving their 
authority from the initiative and free choice of the in- 
digenous populations." 

In order to determine the wishes of these indigenous popula- 
tions, it was first decided to send a Commission representing the 
Allies to conduct a plebiscite. But when Great Britain and France 
backed out, the late President Wilson sent an American Commission 
known as the Crane-King Commission. This Commission found 
out that the entire people of Palestine, and not only the effendies 
and landlords, as Zionist propagandists would have you believe, 
were unalterably opposed to Zionism. The report of this American 
Commission was suppressed and finally published in 1923 by the 

5 






Editor and Publisher. When in 1922, the Lodge-Fish resolution 
was passed not one congressman or senator had seen the contents of 
the report of the Crane-King Commission, yet they were willing to 
endorse the Balfour Declaration. 

Furthermore, Palestine was considered by the League of Nations 
as a Class "A" Mandate, whose provisional independence was rec- 
ognized subject to the rendering of temporary administrative advice 
until its people were able to govern themselves. The Royal Com- 
mission has definitely admitted that the people of Palestine are 
ready for independence, they have further admitted that the Mandate 
is unworkable. The logical conclusion is to terminate the Mandate, 
and grant Palestine the same right that was granted to Syria, of 
which country it is an integral part. 

The Balfour Promise was given prior to the Covenant of the 
League of Nations, and according to Article XX: "The members 
of this League severally agree that the Covenant is accepted as ab- 
rogating all obligations or undertakings inter se which are incon- 
sistent with the terms thereof," and the Balfour Declaration is 
inconsistent with Article XXII of the Covenant. 

From the preceding, it is therefore clear that the whole scheme 
of setting up a Jewish State in Palestine is both unprecedented and 
illegal. It is contrary to all human laws of equity and justice. 
Historic religious sentiment should not be confused with political 
rights. If the fact that a certain race occupied a given country, 
at a certain period in history, were accepted as entitling that race 
to re-occupy that country, against the wishes of its present occupants, 
then the world would b& plunged into confusion and anarchy, and 
the map of the world would have to be reconstructed. 

The Arabs are neither anti-British nor anti-Jewish, but are 
pro-Arab. They vigorously oppose any movement which prevents 
them from attaining their legitimate national aspirations, whether 
that is British imperialism or political Zionism. 

Repeated peaceful Arab protests have been completely ignored. 
Several Arab delegations were sent to London, and presented Arab 
grievances to the British Government; but their requests, thanks to 
Zionist influence with the British Government, were unheeded. 
Several British Commissions of Inquiry were sent to Palestine, and 
they substantiated Arab grievances and made recommendations. In 
1930, following investigations of the Shaw and Simpson Commis- 
sions, the Passfield White Paper was issued promising some redress. 
But no sooner had this White Paper been issued, than a Zionist 
storm of protest broke out, Dr. Weizmann resigned, and finally the 
late Ramsay MacDonald sent a letter to Dr. Weizmann and Britain 
ignominously tore up its own statement of policy to appease Zionist 
lobbyists. 

This incident made a profound impression upon the Arabs. It 
rightly led them to believe that British promises are meaningless, 
unless one has the influence and power to demand enforcement of 

6 



these promises. They were convinced that might is right in Pales- 
tine, and that their rights would never have been infringed upon, 
had they possessed the power to defend them. 

The Arabs are a proud and chivalrous race with a glorious 
past. One of their outstanding traits is that they are willing to 
sacrifice their lives for their country. Patriotism is one of the great- 
est qualities extolled by Arab bards and poets. The Arab world 
today is experiencing a renaissance to which the American Colleges 
in Beirut and other cities of the Near East have greatly contributed. 

A great deal is heard in this country about economic improve- 
ments introduced by the Zionists into Palestine. The Arab is pic- 
tured as a backward, uncivilized creature, to whom the Zionists 
have brought untold economic blessings. This statement is false, 
but even if it were true, it would be immaterial and irrelevant to 
the issue. The ultimate aim of Zionism is to build in Palestine a 
water-tight system in which only Jews shall work and Jews shall 
benefit. This is proven by the terms of the lease of the Keren- 
Keyemeth which specifically prohibits the Jew from employing Arab 
labor under penalty of forfeiture of the lease. It is further proven 
by the land holding and employment clauses of the Constitution of 
the Jewish Agency for Palestine which was signed at Zurich on 
August 14, 1929, and by the Keren-Hayesod Agreement in regard 
to the employment of Labor, and by the exclusion of Arabs from 
the Histradruth or Jewish Labor Union and from Jewish Marketing 
Co-operatives. 

In the process of building this water-tight Jewish system, some 
crumbs fall off the table and reach the Arab, but these benefits are 
incidental and temporary. 

Malaria extermination was started in Palestine by the Rocke- 
feller Institute before the World War and is part of the routine 
duties of the Administration. Our Public Health Department here 
in the United States sees no reason for boasting about doing its 
duty. The best Ophthalmic Hospital in Palestine was founded by 
the Knights Templar long before Zionism. The number of Arabs 
admitted to Jewish Hospitals in 1934 was 24, while the number of 
Jews admitted to non-Jewish Hospitals in the same period was 1569. 

If the Palestine economic index in 1918 were placed at zero and 
the present index at 100, it is safe to state that Arabs without the 
unsolicited Zionist aid, and with the help of a benevolent adminis- 
tration, could have raised their economic index to 70. This is 
proven by Arab achievement in Iraq and also in Syria, of which 
Palestine is the southern district. 

After many years of Turkish oppression, the Arab is eager to 
work out his own economic salvation and is quite able to do so. 
He wishes to remain master in his own house. He is unwilling to 
sell his birthright, as Esau did to Jacob, for a mess of pottage. 

But there is a much more important phase to the transformation 
which has been taking place in Palestine. Certain fundamental im- 

7 



provements are both necessary and desirable, but a mechanical civ- 
ilization is out of place in the land of spiritual inspiration. As 
J. M. N. Jeffries very aptly stated in a discussion held by the Royal 
Central Asian Society on July 26, 1937: "The Arabs must not have 
forced upon them in exchange for their malaria, that moral malaria 
which now is devastating the west, with its class-warfare, its pro- 
letariat, its communism, its making men into mere units, and all 
its other attendant ills." 

Can you conceive of labor troubles and class warfare in the 
land where the sermon on the Mount was preached? Can you 
envisage Coney Island along the shore of the Sea of Galilee ? 

For physical filth, moral filth has been substituted, and with 
the improvement in commerce, commercialized Ytce, arson, forgery, 
and larceny have been imported by the new-comers. Respect for 
eiders is being brushed aside, and the sanctity of the family is being 
endangered by the use of fictitious marriages to smuggle illegal 
immigrants. 

The disturbances of 1936 were a recurrence, on a larger scale 
of previous disturbances, which were unknown in Palestine prior to 
the advent of political Zionism. The same underlying causes were 
at work. This time however, Zionist chauvinism furnished another 
cause, when Zionist leaders obstructed and prevented the setting up 
of a legislative assembly which was to be the first step in represen- 
tative government in Palestine. It is difficult to reconcile this act 
with the assertion that Zionism wishes to help and liberate the 
Arab fellah from the overlordship of the effendie. Here was a 
golden opportunity to afford the Arab fellah a method of self- 
expression. The truth is that Zionists will sanction self-governing 
institutions in Palestine if and when the Jews become a majority. 
Until then, self-determination for which the United States entered 
the World War must be denied the Palestine Arabs. 

The Palestine Arabs were thus faced with two alternatives* 
either rebellion, or submission and eventual Zionist domination. 
Like all self-respecting races, they chose the former. 

Bloodshed is deplorable, but the history of the human race has 
repeatedly demonstrated that liberty and independence have to be 
bought with blood. George Washington could never have won this 
great country's independence without bloodshed. Abraham Lincoln 
waged the Civil War for a principle which was sometimes subtly 
misrepresented. It may be recalled that the spokesmen of the South 
told Lincoln that they did not wish to secede, but merely to establish 
the right to secede. 

Physical violence is regrettable, but there are other acts, com- 
mitted within the law — lobbying, wire-pulling, and false prop- 
aganda — which have inflicted far greater damage on humanity 
than physical violence. 

If I sought shelter in your home, and then gradually began by 
various methods to ease you out of your home and hearth, and if 

8 



I 



after you asked me to desist, I continued in my efforts and you 
finally lost patience and assaulted me, I should have no cause for 
complaint. 

While Arab terrorism is denounced, little is said about the 
unprecedented acts of political terrorism committed by Great Britain 
against her wards, whose rights constitute a "sacred trust." 

The forcible dissolution of the Arab High Committee, and the 
exiling of five of its prominent members, the removal of the Grand 
Mufti from his office as head of the Moslem Supreme Council, an 
act of illegal interference with the administration of Moslem affairs, 
the imprisonment of most of the Arab leaders, the dynamiting oi 
homes, levying collective fines, and finally hanging seventy-five-year- 
old Sheikh Farhan Saadi and several other Arabs without trial, and 
the imposition of a ten-year prison sentence on an Arab woman, 
are acts unheard of even in the dark ages. It is well for the British 
to remember Napoleon's words: "I have beaten the Austrians, but 
my artillery cannot overcome their hate." 

The following abstracts from a report dated November 20, 
1937, by the Syro-Palestine Executive Committee of Cairo about the 
treatment of the Arab internees in Palestine convey an idea of the 
atrocities committed by the British in the name of Zionism: 

"Those who are unaware of the exact situation in Palestine 
might imagine that those Arabs were interned consequent upon 
judicial proceedings. But the case is decidedly otherwise. Under 
the Emergency Laws and regulations which are now the order 
of the day in Palestine, an arbitrary power of imprisoning 
people resides in the District Commissioners and their Assis- 
tants. The procedure adopted is as follows: The police or 
"informers" submit a "report" against outstanding leaders and 
politicians (whose activities are more than often legal and 
peaceful) to the District Commissioners, recommending their 
arrest and imprisonment. Without preferring any general or 
specific charge against them, and without judicial proceedings, 
the District Commissioner concedes immediately to the demand. 
There exist special printed "arrest forms" in the offices of the 
District Commissioner, and his only task is to fill in the blank 
spaces specially provided for, the name of the person to be 
arrested, with the relative period of internment. This period 
usually ranges from two to twelve months, renewable at the 
discretion of the District Commissioners. After the order had 
been signed and delivered to the police, the latter — and usually 
in the early hours after midnight — arrest the accused at their 
houses and lead them handcuffed to the prison. This step is 
usually accompanied by such acts and behaviour as would 
frighten and terrorize the families of the arrested persons." 

9 



"The Palestine law provides that persons of social stand- 
ing who are imprisoned for ordinary crimes, are entitled to 
receive special treatment. This right is denied to the Arab 
internees. In spite of the fact that they are of social and 
political standing; that they are not criminals, and that they 
have been arrested and imprisoned without trial, those Arab 
prisoners are subjected to the worst kind of treatment ever 
extended to political prisoners in any part of the world. The 
following important points may be mentioned in support of 
this assertion: 

1. The "wooden huts" which constitute the "Mazraa" 
gaol in the north of Acre,, can neither resist the heat 
in summer nor the cold and rain in winter. When 
rain fell early this month, the floors of the huts were 
flooded with water and the prisoners had to spend 
their nights standing up. Furthermore, the huts are 
situated in an unhealthy spot noted for its dampness 
and moisture. 

2. The internees sleep on "mats" similar to those used 
by the convicted criminals in the ordinary gaols. They 
are not allowed to bring beds or bedsteads from their 
homes. 

3. The huts are overcrowded with prisoners, in violation 
of all health principles and sanitary regulations. 

4. The food offered to the prisoners is very bad. 
The prisoners are allowed to spend their daytime in 
the small yard, in the centre of the prison, but they 
must stay in their huts from 5 P.M. till 6 A.M. next 
morning. The water and necessary conveniences are 
placed in the yard, and the prisoners cannot have 
access to that yard between 5 P.M. and 6 A.M. 
The prisoners — the majority of whom are Moslem 
Arabs — are thus prevented from carrying out their 
evening, night, and early morning prayers, because 
for thirteen hours they cannot obtain water to wash 
in preparation for prayers. 

The prisoners were further unable to carry out their 
religious duty of fasting during the holy month of 
Ramadan, owing to the above mentioned difficulties. 
The guards in charge of the gaol treat the prisoners 

with harshness and rudeness. They often insult them, 

beat them, and place them in the "ceils" for the least 

trivial reason. 

9. The lack of sanitation and health measures contributed 

to the ill-health of the prisoners, and many of them 

were consequently removed to hospitals, while others 

are apt to become ill at any moment." 

Other unheard of acts of British terrorism are enumerated by 

10 



5. 



6. 



7. 



8. 



the same committee in detail, giving names of individuals and 
places, and dates of incidents. The following are a few instances: 

Search of Arab Town and Villages. 

On April 6, 1936, over 200 British soldiers entered the village 
of Tireh while the village folk were praying. The women and 
children were frightened and hurried to the Mosque for protection. 
The soldiers broke into village homes, using hatchets to break doors. 
They seized all food articles such as rice, lentils, flour, and sugar, 
mixed them up and poured petroleum on the mixture. Furniture 
and glassware were then broken up. Any villager who dared raise 
a voice in protest was brutally beaten. Fifty men were wounded 
including three children. The Koran was found torn to pieces 
and thrown on the floor of the home of Hassan Abdallah Mansour. 

In the village of Taibeh the villagers were ordered to form 
twos and march around the village from morning till night. Any- 
one who showed signs of fatigue was cruelly whipped. Two who 
attempted to escape were shot. 

The report quotes the correspondent of Al Nabar, a paper 
published in Beirut, Syria, giving the following description of the 
search of the village of Silwan following the death of two British 
soldiers of the Black Watch: 

About 4 A.M.,Officer Riggs of the Black Watch, who is mar- 
ried to a Jewess, and is known for his pro-Zionist sympathies, sent 
a detachment of British soldiers with four Arab police officers to 
Silwan, "where a strict search was made for the suspects but nothing 
was found. The men, women, and children of the village were 
then assembled in an open space and severely whipped in order to 
extract a confession. Two who attempted to escape were shot. The 
Arab police officers were shocked at this brutal treatment of innocent 
villagers, and their leader, Towfik Beshara protested to the British 
officer, whereupon he was transferred to Jaffa, and his three com- 
panions who also protested, were ordered to leave the scene and 
proceed to Jerusalem and were threatened with death if they dis- 
obeyed. When the Arab officers were removed, the British soldiers 
continued their acts of destruction of homes and of whipping and 
shooting. One more Arab was killed and twelve wounded. 

Dynamiting Homes. < 

When the colonial Secretary was asked in the House of Com- 
mons about the number of dynamited Arab homes he replied that 
he was unable to give the number. The truth is that hundreds of 
homes of innocent people have been dynamited on mere suspicion, 
and their owners lost all their worldly possessions. Of late, the 
British authorities have been selecting the best homes in a village 
and warning the villagers that these homes will be dynamited ,if any 
unlawful act be committed in the vicinity of that village. 

11 



Killing Peaceful Citizens. 

After the first encounter between British soldiers and the rebels, 
the soldiers returned to Nablus, and fired on innocent passers-by 
and killed three. 

In Jaffa, British soldiers threw a bomb into the home of Salim 
Abyad and killed one man and two women. Another bomb thrown 
at another home killed a nursing baby. 

In the village of Araba, British soldiers killed a woman and a 
ten-year-old girl. 

In the village of Balaa, a soldier fired at an Arab woman and 
broke her leg. 

_ In Wadi Hunein, British soldiers fired at the home of Sheikh 
Taji at midnight; machine guns were used and two women were 
wounded. 

In the village of Maghar, British soldiers attacked a home in 
an orange grove and found a man asleep in a garage, he was 
ordered out, and was then shot in the presence of his wife and 
children. 

At Zarein, soldiers insulted the Moslem Imam, removing his 
turban and trampling it under their feet. 

At Acre, they fired on the Jazzar Mosque. 

Torture. 

British soldiers entered an Arab cafe at Salameh near Jaffa, and 
dragged the proprietor to a bridge, and pretended that they were 
going to throw him into the valley. When the man was unable 
to give any useful information, he was taken to a nearby Jewish 
colony and left there. 

A man suspected of the murder of Andrews was placed in a 
motor boat, weights tied around his body and he was thrown into 
the sea, but when he was unable to give any information, he was 
pulled back into the motor boat. 

In Haifa, soldiers used their bayonets on two Arabs in order 
to extract a confession, until one of the Arabs jumped off the roof 
of the building and was instantly killed. 

At Beit Mahseer, twenty Arabs were marched in twos between 
two armored cars for ten miles over a rough road between Jaffa and 
Jerusalem. The cars were driven fast, and the Arabs had to keep 
pace, lest they be run over by the armored car in the rear. 

The Committee describes in detail other instances of brutal 
treatment, and ends by a description of the hanging of seventy-five- 
year-old Sheikh Farhan Saadi, who died the death of a hero and 
a martyr, asking his family and friends to carry on the fight until 
Arab rights were granted. 

A word m.iNl be said in defense of Hajj Amin El Husseini, the 
exiled Cram I Mufti, He is an adroit and courageous leader who is 

12 



following the dictates of his conscience in defending the rights of 
his people. Many foreign visitors have highly praised his courtesy, 
chivalry, and patriotism. Judge Pierre Crabites, an American and 
former presiding Judge of the Cairo Mixed Tribunal, has declared 
that there can be no solution of the Palestine problem, until the 
Mufti, whom he likened to a good shephered, is returned to his 
flock. A selfish man would have connived with the British, and 
retained his enviable position of spiritual and political leadership 
with an annual income of nearly one million dollars at his disposal. 
But he followed the path of duty and chose exile in preference to 
cowardly submission. His mortal sin is that he opposed partition, 
and although many Zionists are opposed to partition, they seized 
upon the opportunity of making him the scapegoat. The Grand 
Mufti is the Parnell of Palestine. 

The murderer of Andrews has not been apprehended, and there 
are many reasons to believe that it was instigated by another British 
official to cover up a scandal. More than three months have now 
elapsed since the exiling of Arab leaders who were accused by the 
British administration of being "morally responsible for terrorism", 
and "terrorism" continues. Accusing a group of "moral responsi- 
bility" is a convenient alibi for tyrants and oppressors. Incidentally, 
the much vaunted Jewish self-restraint has not been much in evi- 
dence of late. The shooting of the Arab student Martin Haddad, 
the dynamiting of the Arab Bus Company, the killing of two Arab 
women, and the wounding of five other persons as reported in the 
NEW YORK TIMES of November 12, 1937, and the attack upon 
Arab men and women by the Revisionists, as reported in the NEW 
YORK TIMES of November 15, 1937, are not shining examples of 
tolerance and forbearance. 

The Palestine problem like any other problem can be solved 
neither by force nor by partition. 

Eamon DeValera, speaking before the Assembly of the League 
of Nations, said that partition is the cruellest thing that can befall 
a people. 

Far from solving the Palestine problem, partition will further 
aggravate it. It sets up two hostile states, with no definite geo- 
graphical boundary, in a country the size of New Hampshire. It 
gives the Jews the fertile coastal plains and outlets to the Sea, and 
bottles up the Arabs in the barren hinterland. To use the words of 
Lord Samuels, the first High Commissioner to Palestine: 

"The Commission seems to have picked out all the 
most awkward provisions of the Peace Treaties of Ver- 
sailles, and to have put a Saar, a Polish Corridor, and half 
a dozen Danzigs and Memels into a country the size of 
Wales." 

In the proposed Jewish State there are more than 250,000 Arabs 
who are to be uprooted from their ancestral homes, and sent to 
other undiscovered homes. This will verily be humanity uprooted. 

13 



The cost of such a population transfer, if indeed the Arabs are 
willing to sell out, has been estimated at more than 500 million 
dollars, and if Great Britain were willing to float such a huge loan, 
the annual interest, at 6% would be 30 million dollars, which sum 
exceeds the resources of the country. 

Partition only serves British imperial interests by establishing a 
naval base at Haifa, and by safeguarding the Iraq petroleum pipe- 
line. Imperial interests are the reason why Great Britain, who has 
dishonored her debt to the United States is overpaying her obliga- 
tion to the Zionists. 

The Royal Commission admitted that the cause of the trquble 
in Palestine is the conflict between Arab nationalism and Zionist 
nationalism. They admitted that the Mandate is unworkable and that 
the Palestine Arabs are ready for independence. There is no author- 
ity granted to the British to partition the country, and the only 
logical step is to give up the Mandate, set up representative govern- 
ment, guaranteeing full protection to the Jews. 

The World Court should be asked to restrain Great Britain 
from pardoning the country. 

The latest "White Paper" issued by the Colonial Secretary in 
the form of a letter to the Palestine High Commission indicates that 
the British Government is now less enthusiastic about partition. The 
Government is fumbling around and evading a just and logical solu- 
tion and is sending another "commission" which will probably make 
confusion worse confounded. 

According to a despatch published in the NEW YORK TIMES 
of December 9, 1937, it is alleged that an agreement has been 
reached between Nuri Pasha As-Said, the former Premier of Iraq, 
and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader. The terms of the agree- 
ment are as follows: 

First: The Jewish population of Palestine shall be 35 percent 

of the entire population. 
Second: A land law shall be enacted by which in disposing of 

lands every Arab must retain at least ten dunams in the 

plains and fifty dunams in hilly regions. (A dunam is 

one quarter of an acre) . 

Third: Syria and Iraq must be willing to accept Jewish immi- 
grants. 

Fourth: A legislative council shall be established with propor- 
tional representation for Arabs and Jews. 

Fifth: The Moslem Supreme Council must retain a religious in- 
stitution, not participating in politics. 

Sixth: Haj Amin el Husseini to return to Palestine as president 
of the Moslem Supreme Council on condition that he does 
not interfere in politics. 

Seventh: The High Commissioner, Lieutenant General Sir 

14 









Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, to remain in Palestine until 

the agreement is carried out. 
The Arab National League believes that these terms are reason- 
able and should be made the basis for further negotiations in a round 
table conference. 

In conclusion, we wish to appeal to American public opinion 
for justice and fair play. What would you do if you were in the 
Arabs' place? Would Americans calmly tolerate such acts of terror- 
ism as are being committed by the British against a people whose only 
sin is that they are fighting for their rights. Americans should have 
the moral courage to defy Zionist propaganda and protest against 
persecution of the Palestine Arabs. 

According to Article IX of the Mandate over Palestine which 
was ratified by the United States: "The Mandatory shall be responsi- 
ble for seeing that the judicial system established in Palestine, shall 
assure to foreigners, as well as natives, a complete guarantee of their 
rights." 

According to Article VII of the Kellogg Palestine Pact between 
Great Britain and the United States, ratified in London on Decem- 
ber 3, 1924: 

"Nothing in the present Convention shall be affected 
by any modification which may be made in the terms of 
the Mandate, as recited above, unless such modification 
shall have been assented to by the United States." 

The judicial rights of the natives have been set aside, and civil 
courts have been replaced by military courts. American citizens of 
Arab extraction refuse to believe that this great country will assent 
to this arbitrary and unauthorized modification of the Mandate. 
They appeal to American sense of justice and fair play. The Arabs 
are fighting for the same principle for which the founders of this 
great Republic fought, and their attitude can best be expressed by 
those immortal words of Patrick Henry: "Give me liberty, or give 
me death." 

We also appeal to the moderates among American Jews. The 
Arabs are willing to make sacrifices in the interest of peace, but 
there is a difference between asking one people to give up part of 
what they actually possess, and asking another people to give up 
part of what they hope to possess. 

Palestine was never intended as a refuge for all persecuted 
Jews, and the Arabs should not be penalized for the sins of those 
who oppress the Jews. 

Furthermore, Arab good- will is of far greater value to the Jews 
than a petty state, surrounded by hostile Arab States. Arab good- 
will can be won when Jews are willing to recognize and respect in 
deeds and not mere words, legitimate Arab rights and aspirations 



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